wtorek, 31 stycznia

Społeczeństwo

Should we counter misinformation?
Najlepsze, Społeczeństwo, Technologie, Wydarzenia

Should we counter misinformation?

Misinformation has been a vast and challenging issue throughout recent years, with the potential threat of it occurring only increasing. The impact of misleading information has been raised into the public attention especially in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic, with numerous hazardous unscientific practices and conspiracy theories gaining track. Additionally, it is not unknown that deception can be used for malicious purposes – both by governments and individuals. Authoritarian states such as Russia and China utilised disinformation related to COVID-19 in order to achieve political gains, as described by the Center for European Policy Analysis (Dubow, Lucas, and Morris, 2021). Conclusively, it seems the discussion on the topic is urgent and needed, if not inevitable. Some ma...
Model United Nations – introduction and interview with Nathalie Ferko, MUN veteran
Najlepsze, Społeczeństwo

Model United Nations – introduction and interview with Nathalie Ferko, MUN veteran

Many people say that teenagers are only messing around and doing nothing good for the world. However, some could be surprised about the fact that there are quite a few young people actively involved in attending MUNs – the Model United Nations conferences. What are MUNs? Aforementioned event is a big gathering arranged, as the name suggests, to reflect the pattern of the broadly known United Nations organization. What’s interesting is that people attending this conference are not only college students but also high school and sometimes even elementary school teenagers. Generally speaking, the MUNs are the simulations of the real UN meetings where the role of the attending delegates is to seek compromises and develop new ideas about the ongoing problems all around the world. ...
The Creation of the Unabomber
Najlepsze, Nauka, Społeczeństwo, Uncategorized

The Creation of the Unabomber

The University and Airline Bomber, or as deemed by the media - Unabomber, severely injured nearly two dozen people, and caused the painful deaths of three individuals. He had the FBI wildly, and fruitlessly, chasing him for nearly 17 years, and the public shaking in fear for the same amount of time. Yet, according to him, he only did these heinous acts to warn the public, to spread his manifesto, claiming in it that technology is the doom of man, it seems that he was the doom in this case. Who’s the face behind the killings? However, what was the reason for this certified genius of a mathematics professor to snap and turn violent? Could this abrupt change of behaviour be blamed on his untreated schizophrenia mixed with rough childhood experiences, or was there more to the pi...
The ethics of economic sanctions
Historia, Najlepsze, Społeczeństwo

The ethics of economic sanctions

Economic sanctions are penalties applied by one or more states on a target in order to force it to change its behavior or to punish it for certain behavior. The most notable examples of economic sanctions may be that imposed on Cuba and, most recently, Russia. Even though sanctions have many positives – they allow states to not engage militarily and yet to put pressure on the target to change its behavior – there are also concerns raised by many organizations that in certain situations sanctions may be unethical and should not be enforced. This is especially important in the light of the recent Russian invasion of Ukraine which led many people to call for sanctions against Russia. Collective and comprehensive sanctions Most commonly the target of the criticism is comprehensi...
Who can be a Japanese citizen? A take on systemic racism in Japan
Najlepsze, Społeczeństwo

Who can be a Japanese citizen? A take on systemic racism in Japan

On a sunny Saturday in New York, after a dramatic match, the Japanese tennis player Naomi Osaka won the 2018 US Open final. It was a great revelation, with her facing off the net game legend Serena Williams; however, not all fans celebrated with her on that day. In Japan, the country in which she was born and in the culture of which she was raised, by some she was not considered a worthy national representant. In the recent years, the discussion on who can be a Japanese citizen has been on the rise. It comes as the percentage of mixed race or multinational families is surging. Under the current law, at the age of 22, anyone who formally possesses another nationality has to choose which one to keep. Osaka herself faced the issue, picking to represent Japan in the followin...
Why are we politically divided?
Społeczeństwo

Why are we politically divided?

Famous political philosophers often admit in their speeches that they have one wish – that one day their ideology will rule the world, everyone will follow it. However, it never happens and we cannot see any signs that this will change. What is the reason for this situation? The answer is quite simple – we all are different. Since our birth, we are raised in a specific background (it does not matter if it is a mix of different backgrounds, it still is specific) and so we learn different values. It is very hard to make someone completely leave behind the values that they were taught in their childhood. Different backgrounds Let us look at some examples. Nestor Ivanovych Makhno, a famous Ukrainian anarchist, was born in a very poor peasant family. When he was just 7 years old he be...
Last days in Kabul, story of 15-year-old girl escape from Taliban
Najlepsze, Społeczeństwo

Last days in Kabul, story of 15-year-old girl escape from Taliban

On 19 September 2021 I had enormous pleasure to meet and talk to Guhar Rasuli – a 15-year-old girl that was forced to leave her homeland – Afghanistan owing to attacks of the Taliban in Kabul where she was studying in an international school and living her best day-to-day life. Everything has changed on her birthday, when the attacks happened, and left Guhar’s family, amongst many others, with no other option were pushed to run away and start a new life. Poland was definitely not a first nor the most obvious choice for Afghan immigrants; however, Polish government helped them to find a safe spot here and time to figure out what to do and how to start a life on a new continent, in another culture amongst different people. As I talked with Guhar, she, as well as her famil...
What factors affect a person’s susceptibility to believing in conspiracy theories?
Najlepsze, Społeczeństwo

What factors affect a person’s susceptibility to believing in conspiracy theories?

In 2019 around 11% of US citizens believed that the moon landing was fake. 23% believed that the September 11 attacks were planned by the US government. Even outside of the USA many conspiracy theories are well known and believed in by great numbers of people. The internet made even more people able to learn about them. However, out of all the people who will encounter a conspiracy theory, not all will actually end up believing in it. What makes a person more likely to believe in conspiracy theories? There are several factors that have been found to increase one’s susceptibility to believing in them.   Feeling of social isolation One study, conducted by a team led by Richard Moulding in 2016, found that people who feel socially isolated are more likely to believe in conspiracy th...
Femicide in Mexico – price of being a woman
Najlepsze, Społeczeństwo, Wydarzenia

Femicide in Mexico – price of being a woman

As the whole world is battling the Covid-19 pandemic, women took up another fight. The ‘Shadow Pandemic’, as the UN Women called it, is a drastic surge in gender-based violence against women that has been taking place since the Covid outbreak. Lockdown and isolation from the outside world created a great environment for men to abuse women with impunity. In some countries, domestic abuse reports increased even fivefold. All over the world, women are fighting for their rights to autonomy and safety. In some places, for example Poland, this fight has been going on for months now. In others, a wave of protests was caused recently by a story of Sarah Everard, a woman who was raped and killed in London by a police officer. One of the loudest countries is Mexico where violence against women an...
Poland in the lead – but where?
Społeczeństwo

Poland in the lead – but where?

Poland has lately ranked top in many European ranking – the question is, is it something to be proud of? The ‘good change’ might not be so good after all. Here are some rankings the government-controlled media might not show you. Fastest autocratizing country in the world The report ‘Autocratization Turns Viral’ conducted by Varieties of Democracy placed Poland on the 1st place. The report measured how much countries’ positions as democratic states fell in the last 10 years. Not surprisingly, experts noted that the biggest blows to Polish democracy occurred after 2015. They came in form of erosion of rule of law as well as attack on the judiciary system and the media. Because of that, Poland preceded such countries as Hungary, Turkey, and Bolivia that also made their way into the Top...